Prague as the new Rome
In 1348, Emperor Charles IV founded the New Town of Prague as the new centre of the Holy Roman Empire. Thus Prague became a true medieval city with majestic sacral and public buildings. Visit the New Town that was constructed by the ambitious King who wanted it to become both the New Rome and the New Jerusalem.
The New Town of Prague, founded by Charles IV, is a stone monument commemorating the story of a sacred empire, told by the urban landscape of Prague. Prague is one of the most mysterious cities not only of Europe but the entire World, and this also applies to the New Town of Prague. This historical quarter has long been a place of magical legends about ancient treasures and mysterious creatures. The New Town was also the place of residence of the legendary Faust, who, we are told, sold his soul to the devil. Charles Square, which still bears the Emperor’s name even to the present day, is almost certainly one of the largest squares in Europe. Even more famous is Wenceslas Square, the scene of the most important events of modern Czech history, such as the Velvet Revolution led by Václav Havel, who was later to become president.
Stop off at the Emmaus Monastery, another building founded by Charles IV, to admire the Gothic frescoes, attend a concert in the refectory or just admire the monumental church of the monastery. For centuries, restless spirits have been looking for a symbolic meaning hidden in the polygonal towers of the churches of St. Apollinaire, St. Catherine, The Virgin Mary and St. Charles the Great. Romantic visitors will certainly enjoy the sound of bells coming from the church of St. Stephen and the church of St. Henry or taking a walk around Botič creek to see the well-preserved city walls, also established by Charles IV. On Charles Square you will see the Jesuit church of St. Ignatius. In front of it there once stood the Chapel of Corpus Christi which used to be the spiritual centre of the ancient New Town of Prague.